Posts tagged with "Zogby Analytics"

Americans want prison reform. But do Trump and Sessions?

February 16, 2018

Findings of a poll released on February 13 by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation suggest that there is widespread public support for rehabilitation efforts in local criminal justice systems—as opposed to an emphasis on prosecution and punishment.

The study, conducted on behalf of the foundation by RTI International and Zogby Analytics, is just among the latest to show that Americans are generally in favor of  reforms such as reducing sentences for nonviolent offenders, which, in the past, have received bipartisan backing from elected officials.

However, these efforts remain large unsupported by current Attorney General Jeff Sessions and, until recently, they have not received more than lip-service from President Donald Trump.

The Trump administration has reduced support for prisoner halfway houses, according to a recent Reuters report, by cutting contracts with several facilities that operate as re-entry centers for inmates nearing release to help them transition back into the community. This move raised enough concern among legislators— including  Senators Thom Tillis (R-NC), John Cornyn (R-TX), Chuck Grassley (R-IA), Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), Rob Portman (R-OH), Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Al Franken (D-MN), and Brian Schatz (D-HI)—to send a bipartisan letter expressing concern last October 27 to leaders of the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Prisons

“We believe that these changes in programming and personnel will compromise public safety, decrease inmate accountability, and lead to increased recidivism rates,” the Senators wrote.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions last year rescinded an Obama administration order that called for a reduction in the federal government’s use of private prisons, which were found to be less safe than government-run facilities. Sessions also called last year for federal prosecutors to pursue the toughest penalties possible for offenders, even for nonviolent drug offenses.

It was only in his State of the Union address last month that President Trump showed interest in rehabilitation, the foundation notes, saying that “This year we will embark on reforming our prisons to help former inmates who have served their time get a second chance.”

However, “that line stood in stark contrast to Trump’s past rhetoric and the administration’s tough-on-crime policy efforts,” the foundation noted in a public statement

The survey released by the MacArthur Foundation—a private organization that supports grants in a variety of policy areas—found that Americans support rehabilitation efforts for people in early phases in the justice system, particularly for those with mental illnesses, and backed treatment over prosecution in response to the opioid crisis.

Among the specific findings:

  • 60% of respondents said they believed the most important consideration when sentencing someone for a nonviolent crime was rehabilitation or treatment; only 23 percent said punishment.
  • 35% of respondents — a plurality — said they felt that the main role of jails was to prevent crime by providing treatment or services to inmates so that they develop skills that will help them avoid criminal activity. The second-most-popular response (23%) was that the purpose of jail was to prevent crime by removing people who had been convicted of crimes from the community.
  • 71% of respondents said rehabilitation or treatment is the most important consideration when sentencing someone who has been convicted of a nonviolent crime and has a mental illness.
  • A large majority (84%) of respondents said local governments should devote resources to providing substance abuse treatment to drug users; 52% said more resources should be devoted to prosecuting and jailing users.

Outside of Washington, criminal justice reform efforts that have been undertaken by states over the past decade, the foundation pointed out.

Since 2007 to 2016, 33 states have changed their sentencing and corrections policies through the Justice Reinvestment Initiative, a public-private partnership with the U.S. Justice Department’s Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Pew Charitable Trusts and several other organizations, according to a report from Pew.

Research contact:  @kathryncasteel

On Cyber Monday, half of online shoppers fear scams

November 24, 2017

With Cyber Monday—the official start of the busiest online shopping month of the year —just a couple of days away, a survey of 1,019 U.S. consumers conducted by Zogby Analytics on behalf of the Global Cyber Alliance (GCA) has found that only half think they can determine the safety and legitimacy of online shopping sites.

In fact, 35% of Internet shoppers claim to have stopped an online purchase because of security fears. And results of the survey, released on November 21, show that worries about being scammed online cause 27% of shoppers to worry excessively—even keeping 12% up at night.

The threat is real:

  • 60% of consumers have had their computer infected with malware.
  • 50% have visited a website that they feared could do harm to their computer or device.

According to GCA, the holiday shopping season represents a major boon to scammers—who launch more fake websites in December than during any other time of year. The alliance reports that nearly 119,000 unique phishing sites were detected during November 2016.  Worst yet, the brands with the most “spoof-able” websites included popular online retailers Amazon (82%), Walmart (36%) and Target (20%).

It is easy for scammers to trick users with websites that look like they are legitimate company websites—but have a different IP address—something that most users would find hard to confirm.

One method? Registering web domains that are misspellings of popular brands and destinations. According to the GCA survey, 77% of U.S. consumers have mistyped a website address into their browser and 68% have clicked on a link in an email that has taken them to a different site than they expected.

Last week, GCA, along with IBM Security and Packet Clearing House, launched Quad9, a free service that protects both consumers and businesses from the most popular phishing websites. In four easy steps, computers can be configured to automatically check every link that is clicked on—or address that is entered—against a directory of millions of bad web addresses compiled from companies that specialize in categorizing online threats and scams. If a user tries to access a website that is on any of the lists of malicious websites, he or she are blocked from accessing the site.

“The cybersecurity burdens that we place on consumers are excessive. It is asking too much from consumers to navigate all the security risks they face. and CEO of the Global Cyber Alliance. “We must do a better of job of creating solutions that provide security and privacy without the user having to worry about it. Quad9 does just that.”

Research contact: chad@zogbyanalytics.comGlobal

If Americans went to polls today, Sanders would beat Trump

November 16, 2017

If the 2020 presidential election were held today, Donald Trump would not be able to muster the votes to beat Democrats Bernie Sanders, Joe Biden, Michelle Obama or Elizabeth Warren, based on the results of a Zogby Analytics poll conducted in late October among 1,514 adult Americans.

In the battle between President Trump and Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, the Independent candidate receives a narrow majority of  51% of voters, while Trump receives 40% of voters.

Sanders exceeds Trump with women (56% to 35%), younger voters age 18-24 (69% to 27%), 18-29 (64% to 30%), Walmart shoppers (47% to42%), voters age 50-64 (46% to 44%), Amazon shoppers (51% to 41%) and all minorities.

 However, Trump continues to beat Sanders among voters age 65+ (53% to 40%) NASCAR fans (47 to 46%), Catholic voters (49% to 43%), and rural voters (53% to36%).

Sanders does the most damage to Trump among men (both tied at46%), and beats him significantly with Independents (51% to 36%).

Joe Biden, the former U.S. vice president is not far behind—beating the current president by a margin of 50% to 40%. Biden, like Bernie Sanders, is favored among younger voters age 18-24 (74% to 18 %), voters age 18 to 29 (60% to 31%), women (57% to 34%), Independents (50% to 37%),and all minority groups.

Zogby commented, “President Trump struggles against Biden because Biden is able to tap into the president’s base of voters who frequently shop at Walmart (tied at 46%), voters age 50-64 (Biden leads 47% to 43%) and voters with no college education (Biden leads 47% to 42%).”

When respondents were polled about the chances of former First Lady Michelle Obama against Trump, the potential 2020 race tightens. Obama barely wins outside the margin of error.

“The reason for the tightening of the race between President Trump and Michelle Obama is that the former first lady does not make the same inroads that Sanders and Biden make with groups that supported the president, such as Independents (Obama leads 44% to 43%),  older voters age 50-64 (Trump leads 49% to 42%), and voters without a college degree (Trump leads 47% to 45%). However, among Amazon shoppers, Obama is in a close race with the president— leading 47% to 46%,” Zogby said.

Finally, Zogby’s polling of a potential showdown between Trump and Liberal favorite Senator Elizabeth Warren has fluctuated over the last few months, Zogby reports.

At one time, she led Trump by as many as 9 points, but the race has tightened in recent months. She currently leads the president by 2 points.

Like Michelle Obama Warren does well with the Democratic base of women, younger voters and minorities—but not as well as Biden, Sanders and Obama. She also does not cut into Trump’s lead among groups who supported Trump in 2016, mainly voters age 50-64 voter (Trump beats Warren 46% to 41%).

Among Independents, Trump and Warren both receive 40% of support, and with voters who do not have a college education, Trump bests Warren 46% to 40%. Warren also does not do as well with younger voters as do her other Democratic counterparts. Warren receives 53% of 18- to 29-year-old voters, while her Democratic rivals receive 60% and above. Warren does beat Trump among Amazon shoppers (Warren leads 47% to 44%) and keeps it close among Walmart shoppers (Trump leads 46% to 42%).

Research contact: chad@zogbyanalytics.com