June 18, 2021
On Saturday, June 19, Americans will mark Juneteenth National Independence Day as their 12th legal public holiday—and the first new one since Martin Luther King Jr. Day was signed into law in 1983 by then-President Ronald Reagan, CNBC reports.
President Joe Biden was set to sign a bill on Thursday establishing Juneteenth, the date marking the end of slavery in the United States, as a federal holiday. The 3:30 p.m. (EDT) signing event at the White House came two days before Juneteenth itself, which falls on June 19 each year.
Juneteenth marks the date that the last enslaved African Americans were granted their freedom. On that day in 1865, Union soldiers led by General Gordon Granger arrived in the coastal city of Galveston, Texas, to deliver General Order No. 3, officially ending slavery in the state.
CNBC notes that the final act of liberation came months after the Confederate army’s surrender ended the Civil War, and more than two years after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
The Juneteenth legislation was sponsored in the Senate by Edward Markey (D-Massachusetts). The House version, sponsored by Representative Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas) was co-sponsored by 166 lawmakers.
The only votes against the bill came from Republicans. On the House floor before the vote, some GOP lawmakers complained about the name of the holiday, and others expressed concern about the cost of giving the federal workforce another day off. Some also railed against Democrats for pushing the bill to a vote without first allowing committees to examine the legislation and offer amendments.
Still, most House Republicans, even those who objected to parts of the bill, ended up voting for it.
The 14 no votes were entered into the record by the following Representatives: p. Mo Brooks (R-Alabam, Andy Biggs ( R-Arizona), Scott DesJarlais (R-Tennessee). Tom Tiffany (R-Wisconsin), Doug LaMalfa (R-California), Mike Rogers (R-Alabama), Ralph Norman (R-South Carolina), Chip Roy (R-Texas), Paul Gosar (R-Arizona), Tom McClintock (R-California), Matt Rosendale (R-Montana), Ronny Jackson (R-Texas), Thomas Massie (R-Kentucky), and Andrew Clyde (R-Georgia).
Research contact: @CNBC