July 16, 2021
Many motorists hate driving through tunnels. From narrow lanes; to poor lighting; to anxiety about being in an enclosed, underground space; navigating tunnels can be challenging—even for experienced drivers.
So what can help drivers ease these fears and make it through to the other side? Researchers say a little background music may be all you need to calm the nerves, according to a report by Study Finds.
“When drivers go through a tunnel, they need to process a large amount of information quickly. We wanted to find the best way to use sound to keep drivers alert and focused inside tunnels. We here compare the effect on brain activity and physiology of different types of sound: slow versus fast music, warning sounds such as sirens, and a voice reminding them to drive safely,” says corresponding author Associate Professor Yanqun Yang from China’s Transportation Research Center in College of Civil Engineering in a press release.
According to Study Finds, researchers have determined that these accidents typical happen near the entrance to a tunnel. However, once drivers get used to the atmosphere of driving inside a long, enclosed space, accident rates typically drop. Unfortunately, the risk jumps back up around the mid-point of the tunnel. Researchers say this is probably due to boredom and drivers letting their guard down.
For this study, researchers recruited 40 young drivers for an experiment using virtual reality. Each “drove” through a simulated three-mile tunnel, driving between 50 and 60 mph, while viewing the tunnel through VR screens. They also used a driving console with a steering wheel and pedals which the team monitored to see how much pressure participants applied while in the tunnel.
Yang’s team then compared how drivers responded to five different sounds. Those included a recording of the sound inside a real tunnel,; the slow song, “Canon,” with 72 beats per minute; and the fast song, “Croatian Rhapsody,” with 96 bpm. Scientists also subjected the group to a police siren and a female’s voicing giving safety reminders.
What they discovered is that motorists drove fastest through a tunnel while fast music was playing and the slowest while slow music played. The group was also more relaxed and had a smaller mental load while listening to slow music. Moreover, 63% chose slow music as their preferred background soundtrack.
“We find that slow music played as background throughout the tunnels, replaced by sirens only at spots and times when the risk of accidents is highest, is best to keep drivers alert, at ease, and not tired, while stimulating them to be extra vigilant and focused when needed,” says co-author Dr. Wei Lin from the University of Cincinnati.
“There still a long way to go before more specific design and management recommendations can be proposed. For example, future studies should test the effect of a greater range of sounds on drivers who differ in age, driving experience, hearing sensitivity, and degree of fatigue. But our study is a proof of principle, which pushes our knowledge on road safety a step forward.”
The study appears in the journal Frontiers in Psychology.
Research contact: @StudyFinds