Posts tagged with "Dementia"

All is not lost: When dementia patients wander, GPS devices can locate them quickly

August 27, 2018

Now where was I? That’s a phrase many of us use when we lose track of our thoughts for a moment. However, for people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, that question often should be taken much more literally.

The disorientation that comes with these diseases often results in wandering—a common and serious concern for caregivers, who may fear that their loved ones are oblivious to their surroundings, or frightened and even in danger, according to Alzheimers.net.

Life-saving GPS devices can help caregivers to quickly track and find wanderers, before they go too far astray. Among those recommended by Alzheimers.net are the following:

  • AngelSense is a device that can be attached to a patient’s clothing and can only be removed by the caregiver. It provides a daily timeline of locations, routes, and transit speed—and sends an instant alert, if a loved diverts from a safe radius. Caregivers can use the device to listen in to what is happening around their loved one; to receive an alert if the patient has not left for an appointment on time; or to communicate with a lost person, wherever he or she may be.
  • GPS Smart Sole fits into most shoes and allows caregivers to track their loved one from any smartphone, tablet, or web browser. The shoe insert is enabled with GPS technology and allows real-time syncing, provides a detailed report of location history, and empowers users to set up a safe radius for their loved one.
  • iTraq can be used to track pretty much anything—from loved ones to luggage. This tracker pairs with a smartphone app and, for seniors, includes a motion or fall sensor that will send an alert if a fall is detected. It also has a temperature sensor. The company’s newest device, the iTraq Nano is marketed as “the world’s smallest all-in-one tracking device that has global tracking, two months of battery life, is water and dust resistant, and is able to be charged wirelessly.” The device also has an SOS button that will send an instant alert to friends and family, notifying them of their loved one’s precise location.
  • MedicAlert Safely Home originally was created to help emergency responders treat patients who could not speak for themselves. Today, the device also helps people with dementia who wander. The device is worn as a bracelet and—when a loved one goes missing—caregivers can call the police and have the police call the 24-hour hotline to get the location of the missing person. Caregivers also can call the hotline themselves to get information. In addition to a tracking device, the bracelet has important medical information engraved on it.
  • Mindme offers two lifesaving devices—one,a location device; and the other, an alarm. The alarm allows the user to alert a Mindme response center, in case of a fall or other emergency. The locator device is specifically designed for people with dementia or other cognitive disabilities. The simple device works as a pendant that can be put in a bag or pocket and allows caregivers to track the user online at any time. Caregivers also can set a radius for the user and receive an alert if the person travels outside that zone.
  • PocketFinder was founded in 2005 by a single parent who wanted to know the whereabouts of his young son. Their slogan, “If you love it, locate it!” says it all. Tracking everything from luggage to pets to children to seniors, the company offers a wide range of emerging technological products. PocketFinder is designed to be the smallest tracker on the market: The device can fit in the palm of your hand. It has a battery life up of to one week and allows caregivers to track wearers through a user-friendly app. The device was updated in January 2017 and now includes three location technologies—including GPS, Cell ID, and Google Wi-Fi Touch. It now also has an SOS button.
  • Project Lifesaver provides enrolled seniors with a personal transmitter that they wear around an ankle. If they wander, the caregiver calls a local Project Lifesaver agency and a trained team will respond. Recovery times average 30 minutes and many who wander are found within a few miles of their homes.
  • Revolutionary Tracker has location-based systems to keep tabs on seniors who may wander. This GPS-enabled personal tracker features an SOS button for emergencies and offers real-time tracking ability. The device allows multiple seniors to be tracked at the same time and syncs directly to a caregiver’s smart phone or computer.
  • Safe Link, also GPS-enabled, is a small device carried by the person who may wander. The device periodically sends its geographic coordinates to central server; and family members and caregivers can view the wearer’s location via website. The device needs to be charged and worn at all times. All devices have an SOS button for emergencies.
  • Trax is touted by the company as “the world’s smallest and lightest live GPS tracker.” The device sends position, speed, and direction through the cellular network directly to your app on a smartphone. Trax comes with a clip that is easy to attach to a loved one. The app allows caregivers to set “Geofences” and will send an alert if a loved one enters or leaves a predetermined area. Trax Geofences have no size limit: Caregivers can create as many fence areas as needed, and can schedule when those virtual fences are in effect.

According to the Alzheimer’s Association, an estimated 5.7 million Americans of all ages are living with Alzheimer’s dementia in 2018. This number includes an estimated 5.5 million people age 65 and older and about 200,000 individuals under age 65 who have younger-onset Alzheimer’s. One in 10 people age 65 and older has Alzheimer’s dementia.

Research contact: @alzassociation

Marriage may reduce the risk of dementia

November 30, 2017

Those of us who at some time in our lives have been “head over heels” for a partner or spouse probably are not headed for dementia in the future, according to findings of a study released on November 28.

Indeed, a paper published this week in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry asserts that individuals who always have been single have a 42% higher risk of developing dementia than people who are married or in a committed relationship. The study was based on 15 analyses with a cumulative cohort of over 800,000 patients.

Dementia—a decline in memory or cognition severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform everyday activities—usually occurs in older age. The most common form is Alzheimer’s disease.

Those who are widowed could have a 20% higher risk, the researchers determined. They could not examine whether the duration of being widowed or divorced had any influence on the findings.There was no similar risk found for those who had been divorced.

Marital status has the potential to affect dementia risk by increasing daily social interaction, the researchers found. Specifically, marriage may offer more opportunities for communications and contacts within the local community, which is associated with reduced dementia risk and reduced harmful lifestyle behaviors, they said.

They also determined that bereavement or divorce in people who have been married may promote dementia development through stress, which is pathogenic and associated with increased dementia risk.

By comparison, the health of unmarried Americans is worse than that of couples; being married is related to improved cancer survival; and widowhood is associated with disability in older people.13

That higher risk for singles remained even after researchers accounted for a person’s physical health, said Andrew Sommerlad, a research fellow and psychiatrist at University College London in Britain. That increased risk appeared to be similar to other known dementia risks, such as having diabetes or high blood pressure, he said.

“We don’t think that it is marriage itself or wearing a wedding ring which reduces people’s risk of dementia,” he told CNN recently.

“Instead, our research suggests that the possible protective effect is linked to various lifestyle factors which are known to accompany marriage, such as living a generally healthier lifestyle and having more social stimulation as a result of living with a spouse or partner,” he said.

Such factors as diet, physical activity, smoking and sleep also affect the risk.

The good news? As being unmarried becomes more of a social norm, it is likely that lifestyle differences between married and unmarried people are lessening, he researchers believe.

Research contacta.sommerlad@ucl.ac.uk