Posts tagged with "Creativity"

Talent or brain fart? Most creativity can be attributed to mental errors, researchers say

November 4, 2019

Is what we choose to label as “creativity” merely a random mistake in decision-making or reasoning? Similarly, when we choose to veer away from what we have done in the past—rejecting well-known, “safe” options—is it because we are risk-takers or visionaries, or can it be assessed as a failure in cognition?

A study published in the October edition of the journal, Nature Neuroscience,  found that, if our brains excelled at evaluating all options, we would stick to those that have succeeded for us in the past.

Indeed, according to a report by Fast Company, researchers at the Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives of the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, France, designed a study in which they took brain MRIs of 100 people playing a slot-machine game that presented two options—one of which had won them money in previous tests.

They found that the anterior cingulate cortex, a brain region that regulates decision-making, lit up when participants made errors in reasoning and that many of the subjects’ “curious” choices were a result of the brain’s failure to reason.

This is kind of a big deal. Curiosity has been long hypothesized by psychologists to be an exploration of choices with uncertain outcomes, a sort of rational process of weighing out the options.

Interestingly enough, principal investigator Valentin Wyart told Fast Company, “Uh-uh.”

This finding is important, because it implies that many choices in favor of the unknown are made unbeknownst to us, without our being aware of it: Our participants have the impression of choosing the best symbol and not the most uncertain, but they do it on the basis of wrong information resulting from errors of reasoning,” Wyart said.

Wyart points out that errors are not inherently bad: they fuel many of humanity’s great discoveries, such as Christopher Columbus’ accidental navigation to America, and evolution, which often derives from random genetic variation.

Research contact: @FastCompany

Fowl play: Chicken therapy is tackling loneliness among the elderly

March 28, 2019

Sixty nursing homes across the United Kingdom have welcomed in some “fine feathered friends” to amuse their residents, promote healthful activities, and reduce loneliness—all courtesy of HenPower, a program dedicated to improving older people’s lives through creativity.

The hens are housed on the grounds, giving elderly occupants the opportunity to spend some productive time outdoors—feeding them, collecting the eggs, maintaining their coops, and generally looking after them, according to a report by Goodnet.

HenPower has been especially successful working with patients who have dementia—“hengaging” them in daily activities that promote a sense of community, and decreasing their overall levels of anxiety.

The hens aren’t there just for diversion and therapy, however. They also serve as muses for the residents, Goodnet notes. In fact, they have become the subject of paintings, songs, stories, and more, as their elderly friends find new purpose in their days and feel excited by flowing creativity.

The organization has been especially helpful in allowing elderly residents to feel needed through caring for others, instead of always being cared for, themselves. It’s a small change that has made a significant impact on their lives and outlook.

While seemingly unconventional, the presence of the chickens has made a significant improvement in the residents’ outlook. One study conducted by Northumbria University found that HenPower really does help improve their health and increase their enthusiasm for life.

One elderly man said that—while he initially believed the HenPower concept was bizarre, at best—he ultimately decided to try the program, and now feels it’s the best thing he ever has done.

When elderly residents know they have a reason to get up in the morning because they have to look after their chickens, it brings everyone together for the same cause, taking care of the animals and themselves.

Research contact: @goodnet_org